Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
Reconstructive surgery is performed to correct facial and body abnormalities
caused by birth defects, trauma, disease, or aging. More than one million reconstructive
surgeries are performed each year in the US.
Usually, the goal of reconstructive surgery is to improve body function. However,
reconstructive surgery may also be performed to create a more normal appearance
and improve self-esteem (this may also be called cosmetic surgery). Abnormal
structures of the body may be caused by:
- Developmental abnormalities
- Congenital defects
Who are candidates for reconstructive surgery?
Generally, two types of patients have reconstructive surgery:
- Patients with birth defects (such as cleft-lip, craniofacial anomalies,
hand deformities, etc.)
- Patients with developmental deformities (due to an accident, infection,
disease, aging, etc.)
What are the possible complications associated with reconstructive surgery?
Any type of surgery carries some risk. Patients differ in their anatomy and
their ability to heal. Some complications from reconstructive surgery may include:
- Excessive bleeding
- Bruising difficulty in wound healing
- Anesthesia problems
- Surgery problems
Risk of complications may increase if a patient:
- Has connective-tissue damage
- Has skin damage from radiation therapy
- Has decreased circulation at the surgery site
- Has HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
- Has an impaired immune system
- Has poor nutritional habits
For more information on the University of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute Plastic Surgery or to make an appointment, please call 410-328-2360.